The Cherubims of Glory
Part 5 of 8
Pastor Gary Garner


Our objective has been to discover what is meant by the fact that in Genesis 3:24,  cherubims were placed in a position where they guarded or kept the way to the tree of life.  It doesn't say that the cherubims were to keep people away from the way; they are to guard the way.  But what are cherubims?  We have touched on every mention of cherubims, up to the point where we are now ready to study the two olive cherubims in the temple of Solomon.

The word cherubim means "blessing," and that automatically points us to the seed of Abraham, because the seed of Abraham is called "the blessing."  God said, "I will bless you and make you a blessing."  It points us to the Melchizedek priesthood of Genesis 14, where it says that this man with bread and wine in his hand blessed the Most High God and blessed Abraham.  That points us to individuals, to people.  There is no scriptural basis for believing that cherubims are some kind of traditional angelic being.  When we search the scriptures, it appears that they are actually mature redeemed believers, that they symbolically point to that.  (Quick review based on titles)

Cherubims are seen first of all in Solomon's temple as being a part of the wall at the end of the oracle of God.  The Most Holy Place in Solomon's temple was called "the oracle of God."  The oracle meaning what God is saying.  That is highly significant.  Peter said, "If any man speak, let him speak as of the oracles of God."  Those cherubims that are part of the wall at the back of the Most Holy Place in Solomon's temple point to a word from the Lord, point to what God is saying.  They overshadow the mercy seat.

How did David get the pattern?  He got it by the Spirit.  This is just like Moses's Tabernacle.  God gave Moses the pattern for His own house, and God gave David the pattern for the temple of Solomon.  David here is giving the pattern to his son Solomon.

It is one thing to get a picture maybe of Elijah and Elisha going across the Jordan River together, and then portraying that as a type and a shadow of our union with Christ and the revelation of His death, etc. That fits good, and it is legitimate.  But when we are studying a pattern that God has given to Moses or to David, a pattern of heavenly things here on earth, then that makes me even more hungry to get it right, because this is God's pattern.  If the temple of Solomon is a pattern of the thing that is to become permanent in the earth, speaking of the church, the difference is that Solomon's temple was permanent.  It was made of stone.   It was not a tent; it was not meant to be moved.  It points to the next age that we are going to live in; it points to this age really that we have begun.

One of the best ways to look at these three dwelling places of God (Moses' tabernacle, David's tabernacle, and Solomon's temple) is to look at Moses's tabernacle as the one that points to the law and the children of God in the wilderness.  That tabernacle and that family back there is called in Acts chapter seven "the church in the wilderness."  That is pictured by that tent that moved from place to place all the way through the wilderness.  Moses' tabernacle pictured the Old Testament.  But it was movable; something was moving.  Something was going on.  There was a progression there.

When you get to David's tabernacle, it is a beautiful picture of the church age.  In the church age, there is no veil.  How many people can come to the Lord today?  Everybody.  You don't have be of a natural tribe.  There was no veil in David's tabernacle.  In fact in Acts 15 when Gentiles began to be incorporated into the church, then they said, "Why, this is nothing short of that prophecy that Amos gave us about the restoration of David's tabernacle, which was the beginning of the church.  So we've got Old Testament, a tent, a tabernacle in the wilderness, pictured in the Old Testament; we've got David's tabernacle pictures the church; but those are both tents; those are both temporary.

There is another one: Solomon's temple. At the time that Solomon ruled and reigned, there was no greater kingdom on the earth.  There was no greater king on the earth; there was no greater temple on the earth.  This was and always has been the height of any temple that has ever been built.  It points to this great expression of the body of Christ that we are beginning to see.  It is not going to be removed.  There is a kingdom.  Jesus is a king whose government is continually increasing; it never will stop.  But this temple of Solomon that we are about to study pictures a permanent structure.  First Peter 2:5 calls us "lively stones, built up a spiritual house."  This is the house that we are becoming that is made of stone; it is not a moveable tent.  There are lots of ways to teach that.  It is not a tent that will be destroyed.  It is a people that will continue, a permanent structure, at the height of what is known as the kingdom.  We are coming to that.

What is He referring to when he says "the patterns of things in the heavens?"  One of the things that he is talking about is the Temple of Solomon.  Remember that by the Spirit, David got a pattern of the Tabernacle.  What was that a pattern of?  The pattern is not the real.  But you have a pattern, and it is of the real when put together properly.  This temple of Solomon was not what was heavenly, but it was a pattern of that which was heavenly.  It gives us a picture of it.  What are the heavenly things?
  This is speaking of Jesus.  What is the tabernacle? What is the dwelling place? What is the temple of God which the Lord pitched and not man?  It is the church.  So the heavenly things, that Solomon's temple is a pattern of, are not some heavenly thing off on a planet a billion miles away, but the heavenly house of God that we are.  We are looking at a pattern here.
  What has He entered into?  The holy places which are not made with hands, which are made with the redemptive work, which is you!  The holy place in you is your spirit.  Christ has entered into there.  Your spirit.  With that in mind, let's go to First Chronicles 28 and show you all of these various places that God gave David patterns of various things in Solomon's temple, but let's just look at verse eighteen.
  The gold cherubims, the chariot of cherubims, were made by pattern.  I'm not going to do an extensive study tonight on this; I'm just going to quickly run through the three places where these two olive cherubims are mentioned.  The reason that I am not going to do a real in-depth teaching tonight is because when we get to Ezekiel chapter one, these things become more detailed as you go on through.  That's how the Bible is; it starts out real basic.  The revelation of the cherubims profoundly says … the first thing it says … they're in the mercy seat.  That is a profound basic foundation.  Everything you learn about them is in reference to that being in Christ.  They are of Christ, and it goes on.  The further we go on, when we get to Ezekiel chapter one, we are going to look at over a dozen characteristics of cherubims.  We are going to find out that they get along with one another.  We are going to find out that they are people of integrity.  We are going to find out that their walk is straight.  We are going to find out that they go wherever the Spirit goes.  It's just awesome.
  Within what God is saying, within the place where God speaks, he made two cherubims of olive tree.  Two is the number of witness.  You can carry these two olive cherubims and identify them with the two witnesses in the Book of Revelation, chapter eleven.  You can identify them in Zechariah chapter four with these two olive trees that gave oil to this massive golden candlestick.

It is the same principle here.  Compare it to the king/priest ministry after the order of Melchizedek, which is Jesus, who is a king and a priest.  But it says two, and it is the number of witness.

Olive tree was the tree from which the anointing oil was produced.  We can see that if cherubims represent individuals in union with Christ, then what we have here is anointed people, a kind of anointing.  Anointed with the Holy Spirit.  Acts 10:38 says how God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Ghost and with power, who went about doing good and healing all those oppressed of the devil.  So here are two olive tree cherubims, made out of the substance from which anointing comes.  Made out of the Holy Spirit's revelation and anointing us to see the person and work of the Son.  Each were ten cubits high.  Ten is the number of the law.  Each had the law fulfilled in them.  Romans 8:3 & 4.  Each were as high as the law.  Each had the law fulfilled, not only in them, but through them.  They were doers of it.  They fulfilled it in the very love that they walked in.  Jesus said, "This is what fulfills the law; it is the love of God in you."

Notice that there are two cherubs here, and each cherub had two wings.  One on each side, and each cherub's wings were five cubits.  Five is the number of grace; grace is always spread throughout scripture.  Grace will be the message, but remember what we taught from Romans 3 was that grace comes through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus.  It is imperative that we always connect grace with what purchased it, because grace to most people is just unmerited favor.  But somebody merited it!  Somebody paid for the grace that you and I walk in.  Grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus.  So we can see grace.

If there are two of them and each wing is five cubits wide, that means that the width of the two olive cherubims were twenty cubits.  Twenty is the number of atonement.  We get that from Exodus 30, where when you were twenty years of age, you had to give the silver atonement money.  They were as wide as this Most Holy Place.  The Most Holy Place was twenty by twenty, and the wing touched one side and touched the other.

They were ten cubits high.  Here is a tremendous revelation: the brazen altar outside, which represented the cross, was twenty by twenty by ten, which means that if you took the brazen altar and pushed it all the way through, it would fit right inside the Most Holy Place, and the cherubims would be exactly the same size as that brazen altar.  They were crucified with Christ.  If you took them outside, you could fit them right inside.  They would fit perfectly right inside that cubicle.  But Solomon's temple is not just twenty by twenty; it's twenty by twenty by twenty, so it is twice as high as the brazen altar.

We notice that they had wings.  We shared with you last time that their wings pointed to the voice.  When the wings sounded, it sounded like the voice of one.  We will get into that more in Ezekiel chapter one.  The olive cherubim were part of the wall at the end. What does the wall point to?  Isaiah 60:18 says that our wall is salvation.  When all is said and done, salvation is manifested to the whole world,… it will be what Jesus has done and what that means to us.  It will be about how we are the people who are destined to be the people who are conformed to His dear Son, placed in that wall.  At the end of the whole message there are cherubims.  In the wall at the end, and they are just as wide as the wall.
  Divine nature was all you could see.
  When you went into the Most Holy Place there in Solomon's temple, everywhere that you could see, there were cherubims!  On every wall.  And palm trees, which picture full stature.  In Song of Solomon chapter seven, when she grows up to maturity, the king says to her, "Thy stature is as a palm tree."  She has grown to the fullness of the measure of the stature of Christ.
  The voice ought to reach to the wall; it ought to reach out to full salvation.  Anything short of that is no good.  And one wing of the other cherub was five cubits, reaching to the wall of the house: and the other wing was five cubits also, joining to the wing of the other cherub.
  They stood on their feet; in other words, they had a walk.  "Feet" speaks of a walk.  You wouldn't need feet if you weren't walking.  When we get over to the Book of Ezekiel, we will see that it says that every one had straight feet.  It means they had a straight walk.  I will give you a little preview: when Paul was converted and saw the Lord and began his ministry, he was blind, and he was told to go to a street called Straight.  He started his journey on Straight Street.  Until we find Straight Street, I don't really think we start ours.

It says that their faces were inward, or as the margin says, it was toward the house.

The ark of the covenant was placed in the Most Holy Place; the cherubims stretched their wings out and covered it.  In other words, when the voice came forth from those wings, it came forth from over the ark of the covenant.  It came forth from over that which pictures the Lord Jesus Christ and all He has done.  That is the message.  The message of the cherubims filters through that ark, filters through the person and work of Christ.

In everything we've talked about so far and everything that we've seen about cherubims in scripture, we can see that in every case, they point to the redeemed believers in the Lord.  They point to a priesthood after the order of Melchizedek.  They point to a Person manifested in a body.  These are sacred things.  They point to somebody who is speaking  the voice of one.

Two olive cherubims.  Two great olive cherubims.  Here is the point of these Old Testament pictures: as we are worshipping the Lord, I want you to take yourself back and I want you to find yourself in the Temple of Solomon.  That Most Holy Place was thirty feet high (twenty cubits), thirty feet wide, thirty feet deep.  It was covered with gold.  If you don't take this and meditate on it and think about it, as soon as … you have to think in pictures, and that is the reason we have the Old Testament.  You're standing in a thirty foot wide Most Holy Place, and you're looking on the back wall, and you're seeing stretched halfway up that wall those cherubims.  They've got feet, and they are pointed ?).  They've got heads, and they're pointed toward the middle, and they're made out of olive wood.  They are carved into the wall, which is our salvation.

They've got wings, which speaks of a voice.  They've got a purpose for being there; it's not just ornamentation.  It isn't just some ornament.  It is saying something to us.  Everywhere you look in that Most Holy Place, in the midst of the glory of God there, there are cherubims everywhere.  God has done what He planned to do.  God has produced what He wanted to produce.  The redemptive work of Christ has made this witness to the work of the Lord. It worked; it is finished.  He has made it; it is completed.  These cherubims are declaring a word that brings people back into the heavenlies again.  They are guarding the way.  What is the way?  The way is that which they are overshadowing, that they are guarding.  It is the ark of the covenant; that is the way.  That is the reason that the Bible says of the ark, they were to follow that ark into a place of rest.  Same principle, same story.  But who is overshadowing this?  Just like in Genesis 3.  Also in the end of all of Solomon's temple, you find cherubims who are guarding the way.  That is what I want you to see and meditate.  If this becomes just a lesson of reading four or five places in the Word of God, you've wasted your time here.  But if you can see yourself back there, if you can be transported back and see in that place exactly by the Spirit what is being seen there, you can say, "I know what that is speaking of; that's my destiny.  That's where I am headed."  Praise God!  Let's worship the Lord in that vein.

How many of you believe that if you were put back in Solomon's temple in the Most Holy Place, the place is filled with glory, how many of you believe you might be able to worship there a little bit?  Well, it's better today, because the one that was there is in you!  He is in you.  What we've got to do is by the Spirit, see the same thing you would have seen back there, because it is more true today.