Rev. Michael F Blume

And he spake unto the man clothed with linen, and said, Go in between the wheels, even under the cherub, and fill thine hand with coals of fire from between the cherubims, and scatter them over the city. And he went in in my sight. Now the cherubims stood on the right side of the house, when the man went in; and the cloud filled the inner court. Then the glory of the LORD went up from the cherub, and stood over the threshold of the house; and the house was filled with the cloud, and the court was full of the brightness of the LORD'S glory.
Ezek 10:2-4

After reading the above event, the text continues to read about a cherub who was commanded to remove a coal of fire from between the cherubims on the chariot. Then we read of the cherub doing so, followed by the next information.

Then the glory of the LORD departed from off the threshold of the house, and stood over the cherubims. And the cherubims lifted up their wings, and mounted up from the earth in my sight: when they went out, the wheels also were beside them, and every one stood at the door of the east gate of the LORD'S house; and the glory of the God of Israel was over them above.
Ezek 10:18-19

After this we read about the words of rebuke regarding men who devise mischief in the City, followed by:

Then did the cherubims lift up their wings, and the wheels beside them; and the glory of the God of Israel was over them above. And the glory of the LORD went up from the midst of the city, and stood upon the mountain which is on the east side of the city.
Ezek 11:22-23

A similar picture is seen in the 43rd chapter.

Afterward he brought me to the gate, even the gate that looketh toward the east: And, behold, the glory of the God of Israel came from the way of the east: and his voice was like a noise of many waters: and the earth shined with his glory. And it was according to the appearance of the vision which I saw, even according to the vision that I saw when I came to destroy the city: and the visions were like the vision that I saw by the river Chebar; and I fell upon my face. And the glory of the LORD came into the house by the way of the gate whose prospect is toward the east. So the spirit took me up, and brought me into the inner court; and, behold, the glory of the LORD filled the house. And I heard him speaking unto me out of the house; and the man stood by me. And he said unto me, Son of man, the place of my throne, and the place of the soles of my feet, where I will dwell in the midst of the children of Israel for ever, and my holy name, shall the house of Israel no more defile, neither they, nor their kings, by their whoredom, nor by the carcases of their kings in their high places.
Ezek 43:1-7

And finally, the 44th chapter of Ezekiel:

Then he brought me back the way of the gate of the outward sanctuary which looketh toward the east; and it was shut. Then said the LORD unto me; This gate shall be shut, it shall not be opened, and no man shall enter in by it; because the LORD, the God of Israel, hath entered in by it, therefore it shall be shut. It is for the prince; the prince, he shall sit in it to eat bread before the LORD; he shall enter by the way of the porch of that gate, and shall go out by the way of the same.
Ezek 44:1-3


In this study we will see how that all these references to the glory of God entering and exiting through the Eastern Gate shed forth much insight into the overall plan of God which involves mankind. That glory which entered into, and left out through, the eastern gate was seen in the first part of Ezekiel on a chariot which had four cherubims at each of the four corners of the chariot. In the course of reading Ezekiel, we see a picture of the glory lifted from the chariot after which it entered the temple through its east gate, and returned to the chariot after leaving the temple.

The eastern gate, to say the least, definitely plays an important role in this writing of Ezekiel. Also, in two separate instances, the cherubim actually stood at the eastern gate threshold.

And he spake unto the man clothed with linen, and said, Go in between the wheels, even under the cherub, and fill thine hand with coals of fire from between the cherubims, and scatter them over the city. And he went in in my sight. Now the cherubims stood on the right side of the house, when the man went in; and the cloud filled the inner court.
Ezek 10:2-3
Then the glory of the LORD departed from off the threshold of the house, and stood over the cherubims. And the cherubims lifted up their wings, and mounted up from the earth in my sight: when they went out, the wheels also were beside them, and every one stood at the door of the east gate of the LORD'S house; and the glory of the God of Israel was over them above.
Ezek 10:18-19

These creatures called cherubims were first mentioned in the Garden of Eden after Adam's expulsion from paradise.

So he drove out the man; and he placed at the east of the garden of Eden Cherubims, and a flaming sword which turned every way, to keep the way of the tree of life.
Gen 3:24

In Genesis, as in Ezekiel, we read of an EAST GATE, as it were, where the cherubim stood, just as they stood at the east gate of the temple when God's glory left the temple. From this correlation of pictures we can begin to see a message from the Lord regarding man and salvation. To fully understand the picture, we must realize that salvation is required by man due to the great transgression of Adam and Eve when they disobeyed God in the Garden. For this reason they were cast out of the Garden, and were exiled to live outside of paradise where the tree of eternal life stood. All Adam's children were born outside the Garden and were not allowed to enter there again, either. Since Adam sinned, and his children did not, many would think that the children should not be punished for their father's sake. However, we see that God did indeed bar them, too, from entering the Garden.

And we later read that Cain slew his brother Abel in jealousy after Abel's offering was accepted when Cain's was not. Why did Cain have that kind of hatred within him? Why did he sin? Where did such a nature come from? Adam did not portray any traits of self-centredness until after he ate of the forbidden fruit, when confronted by God. The answer to this involves the same reason Cain and Abel could not enter the Garden. They must have been born in sin.

The only explanation for the barring out of Cain and Abel, and the reason for Cain's sinful jealousy and murder, is that Adam's children were born with sin in their flesh which they inherited from their father, and which, as Paul points out, is also within all of us. We are born in a state of being banned from the Garden due to sin within the flesh of each of us.

Wherefore, as by one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin; and so death passed upon all men, for that all have sinned:
Rom 5:12

For as by one man's disobedience many were made sinners, so by the obedience of one shall many be made righteous.
Rom 5:19


Now, the element of the scenario that really makes the picture exciting is to notice that, just as God's glory left the Temple of Ezekiel's vision through the eastern gate, man left the Garden through the east gate. And man is referred to as the image and the glory of God!!

For a man indeed ought not to cover his head, forasmuch as he is the image and glory of God: but the woman is the glory of the man.
1 Cor 11:7

Paul said that man is the image and GLORY OF GOD. In other words, the GLORY OF GOD left the temple/Garden through the east gate, as Cherubim stood at the threshold of the gate, when Adam left the Garden. This was exactly the manner in which God's glory left the east gate of the temple when Cherubim stood there, too!

(Notice the idea of COVERING in 1 Cor. 11 when we read about man and woman and the glory of God, and think about how the CHERUBIMS were covering creatures, or KEEPING creatures, denoting guardianship and vigils of protection. See Ezekiel 28:16 and Genesis 3:24. Please refer to my study _Covering Cherubs of the Covenant_.)

When man left the Garden, we see a picture of God's glory leaving the Garden. And since the garden had a single entrance in the east, and God's glory left Ezekiel's temple through the east, we see another parallel thought. And, in noticing this, we also realize that God's glory must return to the Garden by way of having mankind return there in order to reinstate the perfect will of God for man.


The picture of God's glory leaving the Garden is again repeated in another story of the Bible, giving us indication that the message He is trying to get across to us about this issue is a very vital one indeed. He repeated the picture! After all, what could be more important than seeing man return to that place in which God first intended man to dwell in?

And the whole congregation of the children of Israel assembled together at Shiloh, and set up the tabernacle of the congregation there. And the land was subdued before them.
Josh 18:1

After entering Canaan, the people set up the tabernacle of God in Shiloh. In that tabernacle would sit the ark of the covenant, where GOD'S GLORY dwelt as first commanded in Exodus.

And thou shalt put the mercy seat above upon the ark; and in the ark thou shalt put the testimony that I shall give thee. And there I will meet with thee, and I will commune with thee from above the mercy seat, from between the two cherubims which are upon the ark of the testimony, of all things which I will give thee in commandment unto the children of Israel.
Exo 25:21-22

God spoke to His people from between the Cherubim on this ark.

The tabernacle abode at Shiloh for over a century! In Samuel's time, the tabernacle was still there. Generations later, two priests ministered to the Lord in Shiloh, Hophni and Phinehas, the son of the high priest there, Eli.

>And this man went up out of his city yearly to worship and to sacrifice unto the LORD of hosts in Shiloh. And the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, the priests of the LORD, were there.
1 Sam 1:3

These two sons were lewd fellows and sinned in adultery with women who approached the tabernacle. God revealed this to Samuel, who was brought there to serve the priests in the tabernacle as a young boy. Samuel first began hearing God's voice while at Shiloh.

And the LORD appeared again in Shiloh: for the LORD revealed himself to Samuel in Shiloh by the word of the LORD.
1 Sam 3:21

In the passing of time the day arrived when the Israelites battled the Philistines, and the two priests were sent to fetch the ark to the battle that they might not lose the war that began to favour the Philistines, after probably having recalled the time the ark's march around Jericho brought down the city's walls.

And when the people were come into the camp, the elders of Israel said, Wherefore hath the LORD smitten us to day before the Philistines? Let us fetch the ark of the covenant of the LORD out of Shiloh unto us, that, when it cometh among us, it may save us out of the hand of our enemies.
1 Sam 4:3

However, Israel lost the battle that day and the Lord would not fight for them, seemingly due to the sin of the priests. The Philistines took the ark, Hophni and Phinehas were killed, and their father Eli died when he heard the ark was taken from Israel. Phinehas' wife was pregnant at the time and near to giving birth to her baby when she heard that the ark was taken and her husband and Eli were killed.

And his daughter in law, Phinehas' wife, was with child, near to be delivered: and when she heard the tidings that the ark of God was taken, and that her father in law and her husband were dead, she bowed herself and travailed; for her pains came upon her. And about the time of her death the women that stood by her said unto her, Fear not; for thou hast borne a son. But she answered not, neither did she regard it. And she named the child Ichabod, saying, The glory is departed from Israel: because the ark of God was taken, and because of her father in law and her husband. And she said, The glory is departed from Israel: for the ark of God is taken.
1 Sam 4:19-22

THE GLORY IS DEPARTED. Just as the glory left the Garden and the temple of Ezekiel, it left Shiloh that day due to the people's sin.

Jeremiah made mention of this event and commented, under inspiration of God, about the sin of Israel there.

But go ye now unto my place which was in Shiloh, where I set my name at the first, and see what I did to it for the wickedness of my people Israel.
Jer 7:12

Much later, in David's time as king, the ark was returned to Jerusalem from the Philistines. Israel accepted the presence of God and David erected a temporal tabernacle for it. Later, when the temple was built in Solomon's time, the ark was transported into this new structure as God's glory filled the temple.

In time, though, Israel's sin brought God's wrath down upon them again in the form of the Babylonian captivity. The temple was smashed and the Ark was never seen since. God's glory had departed once again!


Interestingly enough, a prophecy of Christ's coming was given in Genesis, and it mentioned a note about SHILOH.

The sceptre shall not depart from Judah, nor a lawgiver from between his feet, until Shiloh come; and unto him shall the gathering of the people be.
Gen 49:10

Jesus was referred to as SHILOH, the same name that was given to the first location in which the tabernacle was situated at Canaan! The word literally means "tranquil". (Could it refer to the peace in the paradise that was in the garden, of which Shiloh's tabernacle was a figure?) Over a century the Ark remained in Shiloh until the sons of Eli removed it and lost it to the Philistines, as the Garden lost man, God's glory, due to man's sin.

The thought of Jesus being SHILOH, where the glory of God was meant to dwell, is coupled with the thought of Jesus being the LAST MAN ADAM. Adam, remember, left the Garden as God's glory. And the ark left Shiloh, too. So, when we see Jesus regarded as both SHILOH and the LAST MAN ADAM we see a correlation to this great overall message!

And so it is written, The first man Adam was made a living soul; the last Adam was made a quickening spirit.
1 Cor 15:45

Nevertheless death reigned from Adam to Moses, even over them that had not sinned after the similitude of Adam's transgression, who is the figure of him that was to come.
Rom 5:14

Adam was the figure of Jesus, Who would later come long after Adam's time. Another connecting thought that seems to put the picture in even clearer view is the idea that John and Paul called Jesus the "glory" of God.

This beginning of miracles did Jesus in Cana of Galilee, and manifested forth his glory; and his disciples believed on him.
John 2:11

When Jesus heard that, he said, This sickness is not unto death, but for the glory of God, that the Son of God might be glorified thereby. John 11:4

To God only wise, be glory through Jesus Christ for ever. Amen. Rom 16:27

For God, who commanded the light to shine out of darkness, hath shined in our hearts, to give the light of the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Jesus Christ.
2 Cor 4:6

And that every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father.
Phil 2:11

Jesus Christ is the glory of God. He is the IMAGE of God and the GLORY of God.

Who is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn of every creature:
Col 1:15

He is the LAST ADAM. Since Adam failed, God, Himself, became a man, and actually entered into the temple!

And they brought the colt to Jesus, and cast their garments on him; and he sat upon him. And many spread their garments in the way: and others cut down branches off the trees, and strowed them in the way. And they that went before, and they that followed, cried, saying, Hosanna; Blessed is he that cometh in the name of the Lord: Blessed be the kingdom of our father David, that cometh in the name of the Lord: Hosanna in the highest. And Jesus entered into Jerusalem, and into the temple: and when he had looked round about upon all things, and now the eventide was come, he went out unto Bethany with the twelve.
Mark 11:7-11

We read that in the temple, Jesus cast out the moneychangers and upset their tables. He cried that God's house was not to be a den of thieves, but rather a house of prayer! The religious leaders rejected Jesus as He rode into Jerusalem, and would not recognize Him as the glory of God.

Saying, Blessed be the King that cometh in the name of the Lord: peace in heaven, and glory in the highest. And some of the Pharisees from among the multitude said unto him, Master, rebuke thy disciples.
Luke 19:38

And when he was come near, he beheld the city, and wept over it, Saying, If thou hadst known, even thou, at least in this thy day, the things which belong unto thy peace! but now they are hid from thine eyes. For the days shall come upon thee, that thine enemies shall cast a trench about thee, and compass thee round, and keep thee in on every side, And shall lay thee even with the ground, and thy children within thee; and they shall not leave in thee one stone upon another; because thou knewest not the time of thy visitation. And he went into the temple, and began to cast out them that sold therein, and them that bought; Saying unto them, It is written, My house is the house of prayer: but ye have made it a den of thieves.
Luke 19:41-46

They rejected the return of God's glory! And He prophesied that the temple would be destroyed without leaving one stone left upon another. It was like the Babylonian captivity all over again! 40 years later, Rome came and besieged the City and destroyed the temple, just as Jesus had predicted. And all this because they rejected the glory of God!


Then he brought me back the way of the gate of the outward sanctuary which looketh toward the east; and it was shut. Then said the LORD unto me; This gate shall be shut, it shall not be opened, and no man shall enter in by it; because the LORD, the God of Israel, hath entered in by it, therefore it shall be shut. It is for the prince; the prince, he shall sit in it to eat bread before the LORD; he shall enter by the way of the porch of that gate, and shall go out by the way of the same.
Ezek 44:1-3

In one of the visions regarding the glory and the east gate, as seen above, the east gate was to be shut and only opened for the prince, who could come in and eat bread before God.

This is very similar to the picture of the Garden when the east gate was closed up by the presence of cherubim and a flaming sword. Adam could not enter the garden, due to his sin, and eat of the tree of life and live forever. According to Ezekiel, only the prince could enter.

This fully agrees with the truth about Jesus Christ. He did not sin, and could therefore, enter any holiest domain He wished to enter. He alone could enter such a domain, but He came that we, also, might return there! God's glory is meant to be in the temple/Garden! Jesus came to open the way!


Jesus died on the cross and a marvelous thing happened!

Jesus, when he had cried again with a loud voice, yielded up the ghost. And, behold, the veil of the temple was rent in twain from the top to the bottom; and the earth did quake, and the rocks rent; And the graves were opened; and many bodies of the saints which slept arose, And came out of the graves after his resurrection, and went into the holy city, and appeared unto many.
Mat 27:50 -53

His death caused the veil to rip wide open in the temple! The doorway that had been blockaded by the cherubim and flaming sword, was now opened. Recall that the veil had images of cherubim sewn into it (2 Chr 3:14 And he made the veil of blue, and purple, and crimson, and fine linen, and wrought cherubims thereon.)! This was identical to the picture seen of cherubim standing at the east threshold of the temple when the glory of God left the structure.

What did this mean? Surely it had to something to do with Christ's death being reason for the glory of God to enter the temple again by way of the newly opened eastern gate! The veil blocked the single way into the Holiest of holies, and that entry faced east! Man, God's glory, was outside the garden - outside the temple - where he belonged. And Jesus did something about it!

You see, as the ark of the covenant, where God's glory dwelt, opened the barrier of the Jordan river that Israel might pass westward into Canaan (Josh 3:15-16), Jesus opened up the veil that man might enter the temple again!


However, God does not truly dwell in temples made by hands. Man would not enter the actual temple of Herod in Jerusalem. Even Solomon knew God dwells not in temples made by man when he built the temple. But God's name was to be represented by the temple, and He chose Jerusalem to bear His name, or in other words, to be the locale of the temple. We must observe the picture of the temple in Jerusalem to understand the work of the cross and what it accomplished.

Jesus Christ seemed to portray a dual role in the scene. He was indeed Adam's counterpart for the new creation, but He was also called SHILOH. Shiloh was the place where the tabernacle stood in Canaan. Canaan may be referred to as counterpart to Eden, while SHILOH was the Garden that stood eastward within Eden. Mankind is reconciled to God by, as it were, entering the Body of Christ, for that is where God dwelt.

The grammar of the following passage reveals that God was inside Christ, desirous of having man be reconciled to Himself in that "location".

For it pleased the Father that in him should all fulness dwell; And, having made peace through the blood of his cross, by him to reconcile all things unto himself; by him, I say, whether they be things in earth, or things in heaven. And you, that were sometime alienated and enemies in your mind by wicked works, yet now hath he reconciled In the body of his flesh through death, to present you holy and unblameable and unreproveable in his sight:
Col 1:19-22

It was a picture of man returning to SHILOH, as God's glory, and once again entering the holiest of holies. And this picture, in turn figures the return of man into Eden and the Garden in Eden.

JESUS actually interprets into English as "Jehovah our salvation". God became manifest in flesh and that flesh, therefore, was like a tabernacle! In fact, a reference to the tabernacle of God in revelation 21 seems to refer to the BODY in which God was manifested.

And I heard a great voice out of heaven saying, Behold, the tabernacle of God is with men, and he will dwell with them, and they shall be his people, and God himself shall be with them, and be their God.
Rev 21:3

Hence, Jesus is the Adam that head sup the new creation, and also the tabernacle into which man, God's glory, must return. And that is the reason we read so much of the phrase "in Christ" throughout the New Testament. God's name, itself, was give to that Son of God, that human man in which God was manifested.

And unto his son will I give one tribe, that David my servant may have a light alway before me in Jerusalem, the city which I have chosen me to put my name there.
1 Ki 11:36

Israel later defiled the temple, which actually meant they defiled God's "name".

But they set their abominations in the house, which is called by my name, to defile it.
Jer 32:34

And, going back to Ezekiel, God showed His glory leaving the temple and spoke about how Israel had defiled HIS NAME.

In their setting of their threshold by my thresholds, and their post by my posts, and the wall between me and them, they have even defiled my holy name by their abominations that they have committed: wherefore I have consumed them in mine anger.
Ezek 43:8

These passages prove that the TEMPLE represented God's NAME.

After the Gentiles received Spirit-filling in Acts 10, and we read of that event as follows:

And they of the circumcision which believed were astonished, as many as came with Peter, because that on the Gentiles also was poured out the gift of the Holy Ghost. For they heard them speak with tongues, and magnify God. Then answered Peter,
Acts 10:45-46

Later, Peter described the even as follows:

Simeon hath declared how God at the first did visit the Gentiles, to take out of them a people for his name.
Acts 15:14

The Gentiles became representative of God's name, precisely what the temple represented!

God's people belong in the Garden - in the temple, but the temple is not a physical thing. God's People must be in Christ, the temple, there where they are truly representative of God's name. It is a place of SALVATION! When Jesus Christ died, and paid for our salvation with His blood, the way into the temple's holiest place was opened as the veil ripped in two. The veil represented His FLESH which served as our means into the Holiest, or HIS TABERNACLE entry.

Having therefore, brethren, boldness to enter into the holiest by the blood of Jesus, By a new and living way, which he hath consecrated for us, through the veil, that is to say, his flesh;
Heb 10:19-20

And since He died for our salvation, to bring us reconciliation to God through His death (Col 1:19-21), and reconciliation with God is found WITHIN CHRIST, that experience of salvation in our lives is the entering back into the Garden. Adam left God's fellowship and, in effect, became an enemy of God. Through Christ's death on the cross, we became reconciled to Him, spiritually "through" Christ, and fit to enter the Garden!

Let us live righteously before God, and not allow ourselves to lose place in the Garden/Temple, as Adam did. And let us not sin and commit iniquity so as to cause God's glory, mankind, to leave this holiest place of all! What fellowship with God exists in the garden of our salvation! Let us remain IN CHRIST.

John wrote of our need of living a holy life in order to fellowship with God.

That which we have seen and heard declare we unto you, that ye also may have fellowship with us: and truly our fellowship is with the Father, and with his Son Jesus Christ. And these things write we unto you, that your joy may be full. This then is the message which we have heard of him, and declare unto you, that God is light, and in him is no darkness at all. If we say that we have fellowship with him, and walk in darkness, we lie, and do not the truth: But if we walk in the light, as he is in the light, we have fellowship one with another, and the blood of Jesus Christ his Son cleanseth us from all sin. If we say that we have no sin, we deceive ourselves, and the truth is not in us. If we confess our sins, he is faithful and just to forgive us our sins, and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness. If we say that we have not sinned, we make him a liar, and his word is not in us.
1 John 1:3-10

My little children, these things write I unto you, that ye sin not. And if any man sin, we have an advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous:
1 John 2:1

May we remain in fellowship with God in this paradise of true Christianity.